Are you planning sleeve gastrectomy surgery for your weight loss? If yes, Congratulations!!! This is one of the most used bariatric surgeries among all the other weight loss surgeries. But do you know all the benefits and disadvantages of this surgery? Because, like all surgeries, this surgery also involves risks and complications.
So, before making your final decision read this article to learn about whether sleeve gastrectomy surgery is for you or not.
Bariatric surgery is one of the most used treatments to treat severe obesity or obesity with complications. This treatment is only given when all other treatments fail to produce results. Sleeve gastrectomy is mostly used in bariatric surgeries, along with gastric sleeve or gastric bypass surgeries.
In this surgery, a large part of the stomach is removed. The smaller area of the stomach which is left looks like a banana-type tube (your new stomach). Decreasing the size of the stomach allows restricting the amount of food you consume which leads to weight loss.
This surgery is permanent which means that after the surgery you are not able to reverse it. So, it is necessary to think about its benefits and/or limitations before getting the surgery.
Sleeve Gastrectomy Indications/Uses:
Sleeve Gastrectomy is especially useful if you have:
- a BMI (Body Mass Index) above 40 or 35 with one complication of obesity such as heart disease, kidney problems, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.
- When other treatments such as diet and lifestyle changes do not produce a result.
Advantages of Sleeve Gastrectomy
There are many advantages to having this surgery such as:
- It is better than gastric bypass surgery because it does not require a foreign device (the band) or needle placement. And sleeve gastrectomy has no long-term risks as the gastric bypass has.
- After surgery, recovery is very quick. People can get up and walk around immediately after surgery. There is some pain in the incisions, but it goes away with some painkillers in a few days.
- With this surgery, you can lose 60 to 70% weight in the first 12 months.
- This surgery reduces your hunger and appetite because the part of the stomach which contains ghrelin hormone is removed. This hormone produces the urge to eat, and not having this hormone automatically makes you less hungry than usual.
- In this surgery, no changes are made to the intestine, the chances of developing intestinal obstruction (Blockage) are less, and other problems such as anemia, osteoporosis, protein, and vitamin deficiency.
- Fewer chances of acid secretion mean fewer ulcers.
- No adjustment or foreign bodies is used that may cause slippage, blockage, or erosion.
Disadvantages of Sleeve Gastrectomy
- It is not reversible, because a portion of the stomach is removed.
- Weight loss might be difficult because the body is still able to absorb energy from food (due to no changes being made in the intestine). The body is still able to tolerate high calories or fat foods which can slow the weight loss process.
- Chances are high to develop these risks and complications due to stomach stapling such as:
- Gastric leakage
- Acute respiratory diseases
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Non-fatal pulmonary embolus
- Postoperative bleeding
- If you don’t follow a healthy diet and lifestyle plan, you might be able to gain all the weight you lost.
- Insurance companies might not cover this type of surgery.
Sleeve gastrectomy is a great option when it comes to weight loss surgery. But like any other bariatric surgery, this is not free from limitations. So, before taking this surgery, take advice from your healthcare provider to know which surgery is going to work for you.
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