Types of Obesity

Do you know what type of obesity you are suffering from? Research suggests that over 25 genes linked with obesity have been discovered. But these types belong to 3 main types of obesity 

Keep reading this article to learn about these types of obesity and their treatment.  

Obesity is the most known and common lifestyle disease in the world. It is believed that one billion people will be living with obesity by 2030. You can get an estimate of how common and serious problem obesity is. 

Obesity can be defined as excessive fat gain in your body that can lead to many serious health issues. Many people who are living with obesity develop other health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, sleep problems, etc.  

Currently, there is no cure but with treatment and therapies, you can manage its symptoms and avoid further complications. 

Types of obesity  

Through advances in technology and research, new genes for obesity are being found. But currently, experts and doctors rely on BMI (Body Mass Index) to determine the type of obesity you suffer from.  

BMI is the most common tool to determine whether you are obese or not. According to WHO (World Health Organization), your BMI (weight according to your height0 should range between 18.5 to 24.9 to be considered healthy.  

If your BMI is between 25 to 29.9 that means you are overweight.  

There are three classes of obesity according to BMI measurement – low, intermediate, or severe. Note: this measurement is not effective on athletes or bodybuilders, people who are older than 65, and children. 

  1. Class 1 obesity (low risk): BMI is 30.0 to 34.9 
  2. Class 2 obesity (intermediate): BMI is 35.0 to 39.9 
  3. Class 3 obesity (severe risk): BMI is above 40.0
     

In class 1 or class 2 obesity mostly, symptoms do not prevail or are very less. That can easy manageable with dietary and lifestyle changes. While class 3 obesity can lead to severe complications such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, etc. if you fail to manage it properly. Class 3 obesity is also known as morbid obesity. Morbid is a medical term that means illness or disease. But this term is not in use these days because it means different outside of the medical setting. 

Complications of obesity 

There are several factors that obesity-related complications depend on, such as family history, sex, age, etc. These are the complication you might develop: 

  • High blood pressure and elevated cholesterol levels: Obesity increases body fat which starts pressurizing the kidneys and impairing their other functions leading to high blood pressure (hypertension). As fat tissue increases in our body, more fatty acids go to your liver and increase your cholesterol levels.  
  • Heart disease and stroke: This is the most common complication that people develop because obesity increases your blood pressure and cholesterol levels which can lead to heart disease and strokes.  
  • Type 2 diabetes: Obesity affects the body’s use of insulin (that controls your blood sugar). It can easily lead to type 2 diabetes.  
  • Certain types of cancers: obesity can lead to certain types of cancers such as cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, pancreas, breast, colon, etc. 
  • Digestive problems: It increases the problems of heartburn, gallbladder disease, and liver problems. 
  • Sleeping problems: As obesity increases fat deposits in your respiratory system, it makes it difficult to breathe, especially when you are sleeping.  
  • Osteoarthritis: As you gain a lot of weight it becomes harder for the joints to manage your weight, which leads to joint problems such as osteoarthritis. 

Treatment options 

Even though there is no cure with the timely treatment you can easily manage its symptoms and complications.  

First, the doctor recommends that to lose weight you need to make changes in your diet and lifestyle. You have started eating fewer calories, with no junk and processed food allowed. You must eat foods high in fiber and vitamins and low in calories so that you don’t gain any extra weight. 

Besides that, you need to add physical activity to your routine. Quit smoking and alcohol. Sleep on time and start taking stress management classes.  

Medications are also given with this diet and lifestyle plan. Medication such as diethylpropion, phendimetrazine, and lorcaserin helps the brain to decrease the urge to eat (more than what is required). There is a medicine called orlistat that makes the intestine stop absorbing fat from food. Although it is remarkably effective it has serious side effects compared to other medications.  

If medications and lifestyle changes do not work, then you must go through surgery. Surgery can remove extra fat or some part of your digestive system so that the body gets normal weight.  

Obesity is a chronic disease that happens to you due to many reasons. Some reasons are avoidable while some are not. You can’t change your genetics, sex, race, etc. but you can change your diet, and lifestyle which put a major impact on maintaining good health.  

Want to know more about obesity and surgeries that can help you to maintain a healthy weight? Call us at 347-868-1060 to book an appointment at our clinic. Call us now. 

 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.